A.I. Is Coming for Lawyers, Again

AI displacing attorneys?
Previous A.I. developments sparked forecasts that the fruitful legal job was likely to see job losses. It didn't take place. What will happen this time?

Lawyers were highlighted as a possible extinction profession more than ten years ago, with the development of AI posing a threat to their way of life.

However, the doomsayers got out of hand. The profession had quicker job growth than the whole American labor market despite the fact that intelligent software has partially replaced the laborious tasks of seeking, evaluating, and sifting through loads of legal papers for bits of relevant information.

A new AI danger is on the horizon, and attorneys may experience some recall. Concerns exist that computer programs with human-like language proficiency, like ChatGPT, might replace a lot of juridical labor. AI has certain drawbacks, most notably a tendency to invent information, like fabricating legal citations. However, supporters claim that those are only teething problems with a young method that can be fixed.

Will the critics ultimately be correct Due to the fact that attorneys are basically word merchants, the lucrative field of law is seen to be the one most at risk from not long ago developments in A.I. Additionally, the newest method instantly creates text while also recognizing and analyzing words. It is capable of carrying out duties that are essential to lawyers' livelihoods.

Intellectual property attorney Robert Plotkin of Cambridge, Massachusetts, remarked, "That is really big." "Most of my work and career has involved writing text."

It will be a slow rise for the new technology assuming history isn't a reliable indicator. Some employment will be lost as a result of the new A.I. technology, but it also promises to increase productivity and open up new possibilities for attorneys and legal assistants. That is what transpired following the arrival of other technologies that altered the nature of labor, such as PC and the internet.

According to a recent research conducted by scientists at Princeton University, the University of Pennsylvania, and New York University, the sector most vulnerable to emerging artificial intelligence was "legal services." Economists projected in another study that 44 percent of legal labor might be automated.
Only office and administrative support employment, at 46%, had a larger percentage.A.I. advancement is not limited to lawyers as a profession. According to a study by OpenAI, the company that developed ChatGPT, and the University of Pennsylvania, the most recent A.I. software would effect at least 10% of the jobs performed by nearly 80% of American workers.

In the past, it has been suggested that the legal industry is a prime candidate for robotization .

A.I.'s advance in law, however, turned out to be more gradual. In papers, A.I. primarily recognized, sorted, and categorized words. The instruments of technology were more helpers than replacements, and this might be the case again.

A committee was formed in 2017 by the sizable multinational legal firm Baker McKenzie to monitor developing technology and formulate strategies. Since then, advancements in A.I. software have been consistent.
One expert asserted that "the reality is that artificial intelligence has not harmed the legal industry."

According to Mr. Allgrove, the massive language models, which serve as the technical foundation for ChatGPT, are progressing quickly. He asserted that the core competencies of a lawyer are reading, analyzing, and summarizing. AI, he added, "is a very smart paralegal at its best, and it will improve."

The result, according to Mr. Allgrove, will be to push everyone in the industry—from legal assistants to partners making $1,000 an hour—up the skill path in order to keep up with technology. He predicted that human employment will increasingly center on gaining expertise in tricky lawful situations, providing strategic advice, and establishing rapport with customers.

Not only has AI taken over industry in recent years, but technology has also significantly reduced the number of employment. The use of personal computers, productivity software, and the internet has increased workplace efficiency and led to the replacement of a lot of jobs.

According to a scientific research, there are 1.3 million fewer people employed in office and administrative support jobs than there were in 1990, including office assistants. By 2031, those occupations will have 880,000 fewer employment, according to the Labor Department's estimate.

According to Michael Wolf, the division leader for occupational employment predictions at the Bureau of Labor Statistics, "Technology is the force, and there are significant changes, but they come step by step within decades."

According to the bureau's most recent forecast, employment of attorneys and paralegals will be on the rise unlike other workers overall. Although Mr. Wolf is closely monitoring the introduction of the new A.I. software, he claimed that it was still too early to determine the long-term effects of the technology.

Most of the testing of the technology is being done by attorneys. Client secrecy and data protection are crucial concerns in the legal profession. Prior to the establishment of information management guidelines, the legal profession avoided utilizing email.

Additionally, in a field where gathering and evaluating data are crucial, the software models' frightening propensity to confidently make up stuff is troubling and may cause malpractice claims.

Law companies frequently utilize software that is tailored for legal work and is based on something like ChatGPT to assist solve such problems. Legal IT start-ups like Casetext and Harvey have created the customized software.

Lawyers claim that the program can generate a list of applicable questions after being given the case's materials and the request to prepare deposition questions, for instance.

Bennett Borden, a lawyer and the top data scientist at DLA Piper, a significant corporate law firm, stated of the software, "It’s pretty good at what it does."

According to Mr. Borden, employing the A.I. effectively necessitates having lots of pertinent data and asking queries that are particular and in-depth. The A.I. is still having trouble answering more general queries like what is the most crucial piece of evidence or which witnesses are the most reliable.

Large law firms' attorneys have observed appreciable time savings for specific tasks and consider technology as a tool to increase productivity for teams of attorneys and paralegals. The technology is more of a companion in practice for lone practitioners.
Last October, Casetext's CoCounsel software, which uses the most recent ChatGPT technology, was chosen for testing by Flint, Michigan attorney Valdemar L. Washington.
In a lawsuit against the City of Flint, Mr. Washington utilized the program to argue that people had been overpaid for services like water and sewage. More than 400 pages of papers were loaded in the system, and the program promptly evaluated and summarized them, pointing out a critical weakness in the defense's case.

He said that the software completed what would have taken him many hours in a matter of minutes.

"It's makes work so much easier," Mr. Washington declared.

But it's unclear when and how much the legal profession will alter.

“It is great chance for A.I. in legal work, but legal people very conservative,” said one professional. . “The future is coming, but not as fast as some people think.” The current status quo is being questioned by the emerging AI. Al is about more efficiency in fewer billable hours, although hourly billing is still the most common business model used in the legal industry. Corporate clients' pressure to compensate legal firms for work completed rather than time spent should rise as a result of AI. Top corporate legal officials, however, who are the clients, are frequently former partners and associates of sizable law firms who have been raised in the same traditions. "There is a huge opportunity for A.I. in legal services, but the professional culture is very conservative," said Raj Goyle, a Harvard Law School alumnus and consultant to legal tech businesses. "The future is here, but it won't happen as quickly as some anticipate."

Yasmin Anderson

AI Catalog's chief editor

Share on social networks:

Similar news

Stay up to date with the latest news and developments in AI tools at our AI Catalog. From breakthrough innovations to industry trends, our news section covers it all.


Fashion Brands use AI to create a variety of models. To complete the idea of the diff...


Country’s Spring Budget is directed towards supporting the AI industry. In the recent...


Facial recognition tool Clearview AI has revealed that it reached almost a million sea...